Comedones (blackheads) are the most common reason for extraction. A blackhead is not necessarily “dirt in the pores” as many people think. It is a pore that has become clogged with excess sebum and dead skin cells. The dark spot which is visible on the surface of the skin is oil which has oxidized and darkened on exposure to the air.
Pustules and pimples can also be extracted, depending on their size and depth. This often requires the use of a lancet to gently lift and remove the very top layer of the pustule to allow the contents to be easily extracted.
Some pores may not be ready to be extracted on the first attempt and may require several treatments before they can be cleared.
What to Expect
First, the aesthetician will cleanse your skin. Often a desincrustation fluid or enzyme is applied to the skin with steam for a few minutes, softening the skin and preparing it for easier extractions.
Extractions are performed under a magnifying lamp with a bright light, so that your aesthetician can easily see the pores that need to be deep-cleansed. Eye pads or protective eyewear will be placed on your eyes to protect them from the bright light. The aesthetician wears gloves, and applies gentle pressure around the pore to extract the contents. This may be done using the fingers (wrapped in gauze or cotton) or a special metal implement designed for this purpose.